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Earl of Richmond, Earl of Derby, Earl of Lancaster, Lord of Beaufort and Nogent, Earl of Lincoln, Earl of Leicester, Earl of Derby, Duke of Lancaster, Lord de Bergerac et Roche-sur-Yon, Duke of Aquitaine John de Gaunt

Earl of Richmond, Earl of Derby, Earl of Lancaster, Lord of Beaufort and Nogent, Earl of Lincoln, Earl of Leicester, Earl of Derby, Duke of Lancaster, Lord de Bergerac et Roche-sur-Yon, Duke of Aquitaine John de Gaunt[1]

Male 1340 - 1399  (~ 57 years)

Personal Information    |    Notes    |    Sources    |    Event Map    |    All    |    PDF

  • Name John de Gaunt 
    Title Earl of Richmond, Earl of Derby, Earl of Lancaster, Lord of Beaufort and Nogent, Earl of Lincoln, Earl of Leicester, Earl of Derby, Duke of Lancaster, Lord de Bergerac et Roche-sur-Yon, Duke of Aquitaine 
    Nickname Rey John de Castilla, Rey John de Léon 
    Born Mar 1340  Gent, Flanders, Belgium Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Gender Male 
    Died 3 Feb 1398 and 1399  Leicester Castle, Leicester, Leicestershire, England, United Kingdom Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Buried 15 Mar 1398 and 1399  St Paul's Cathedral, London, Middlesex, England, United Kingdom Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I5658471170  Master Tree
    Last Modified 8 Apr 2010 

    Father Edward, III,   b. 13 Nov 1312, Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire, England, United Kingdom Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 21 Jun 1377, Shene Palace, , Surrey, England, United Kingdom Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 64 years) 
    Mother Phillipa De Hainaut,   b. 24 Jun 1311, Mons, Hainault, Belgium Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 15 Aug 1369, Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire, England, United Kingdom Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 58 years) 
    Married 24 Jan 1327 and 1328  York, Yorkshire, England, United Kingdom Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Family ID F5259600019  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 Blanche of Lancaster,   b. 25 Mar 1341, Lancaster, Lancashire, England, United Kingdom Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 30 Sep 1369, Bolingbroke Castle, Lincolnshire, England, United Kingdom Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 28 years) 
    Married 19 May 1359  Reading, Berkshire, England, United Kingdom Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
    +1. Philippa of Lancaster,   b. 31 Mar 1360, Leicester Castle, Leicester, Leicestershire, England, United Kingdom Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 19 Jul 1415, Sacavem, Lisboa, Portugal Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 55 years)
    +2. Elizabeth Plantagenet,   b. 1364, Leicester, Leicestershire, England, United Kingdom Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 24 Nov 1425, Fanhope, Herefordshire, England, United Kingdom Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 61 years)
     3. John of Lancaster,   b. 1364, Leicester, Leicestershire, England, United Kingdom Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Bef 1366  (Age 2 years)
     4. Edward Plantagenet,   b. 1365, Leicester, Leicestershire, England, United Kingdom Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Abt. 1365  (Age 0 years)
     5. John Plantagenet,   b. Bef. 4 May 1366,   d. Abt. 1366
    +6. Henry Plantagenet, IV,   b. 03 Apr 1366, Bolingbroke Castle, Lincolnshire, England, United Kingdom Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 20 Mar 1412/13, Westminster, London, Middlesex, England, United Kingdom Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 46 years)
     7. Isabel Plantagenet,   b. Abt 1368, Bolingbroke Castle, Lincolnshire, England, United Kingdom Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Abt 1368  (Age ~ 0 years)
    Last Modified 9 Apr 2010 
    Family ID F5259605359  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Constanza de Castilla,   b. 1354, Castro Kerez, Castille and León, Spain Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 24 Mar 1394, Leicester, Leicestershire, England, United Kingdom Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 40 years) 
    Married Jun 1371  Rochefort-Sur-Mer, Charente-Maritime, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
    +1. Katherine of Lancaster,   b. Bet. 6 Jun 1372 and 31 Mar 1373, Hertford Castle, Hertfordshire, England, United Kingdom Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 02 Jun 1418, Toledo, Toledo, Spain Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 45 years)
     2. John Plantagenet,   b. 1374, Ghent, Flemish, Belgium Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1375  (Age 1 years)
    Last Modified 9 Apr 2010 
    Family ID F5259605360  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 3 Katherine Roët,   b. 25 Nov 1350, Picardy, Hainault, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 10 May 1403, Lincoln, Lincolnshire, England, United Kingdom Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 52 years) 
    Married 13 Jan 1395 and 1396  Lincoln, Lincolnshire, England, United Kingdom Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
    +1. John de Beaufort,   b. 1373, Near Pottersgate, Lincolnshire, England, United Kingdom Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 16 Mar 1409 and 1410, St Catherine, London, Middlesex, England, United Kingdom Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 36 years)
    +2. Henry de Beaufort,   b. Abt 1376, Chateau De Beauf, Meurthe-Et-Mosel, Anjou, Normandy, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 11 Apr 1447, Winchester, Hampshire, England, United Kingdom Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 71 years)
    +3. Sir Thomas de Beaufort,   b. Abt Jan 1377, Chateau De Beauf, Meurthe-Et-Mosel, Anjou, Normandy, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 31 Dec 1426, Greenwich Manor, East Greenwich, Kent, England, United Kingdom Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 49 years)
    +4. Lady Joan de Beaufort,   b. 1379, Chateau De Beauf, Meurthe-Et-Mosel, Anjou, Normandy, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 13 Nov 1440, Howden, Humberside, England, United Kingdom Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 61 years)
    Last Modified 9 Apr 2010 
    Family ID F5259605361  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 4 Marie De St. Hilaire,   d. Aft. 1399 
    Children 
     1. Blanche Plantagenet,   b. Bef. 1360,   d. 1388/89  (Age ~ 29 years)
    Last Modified 9 Apr 2010 
    Family ID F5259605362  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - Mar 1340 - Gent, Flanders, Belgium Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 19 May 1359 - Reading, Berkshire, England, United Kingdom Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - Jun 1371 - Rochefort-Sur-Mer, Charente-Maritime, France Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 13 Jan 1395 and 1396 - Lincoln, Lincolnshire, England, United Kingdom Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 3 Feb 1398 and 1399 - Leicester Castle, Leicester, Leicestershire, England, United Kingdom Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBuried - 15 Mar 1398 and 1399 - St Paul's Cathedral, London, Middlesex, England, United Kingdom Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 
    Pin Legend  : Address       : Location       : City/Town       : County/Shire       : State/Province       : Country       : Not Set

  • Notes 
    • John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster (1340-99), English soldier and statesman, the fourth son of King Edward III of England, and brother of Edward, the Black Prince. John was born in March 1340 in Ghent (M.E., Gaunt), now in Belgium. In 1359 he married Blanche, daughter of Henry, duke of Lancaster; when Henry died, John became duke.John of Gaunt played an important part in the wars of the period between England and France and between England and Spain. He commanded a division of the English army, led by the Black Prince, that defeated the army of Henry (later Henry II, king of Castile and León) at Nájera in 1367. As a result of his second marriage, to Constance, daughter of Peter the Cruel (king of Castile and León), John laid claim to the throne of Castile. During the Hundred Years' War, he aided (1370-71) the Black Prince against France and established English rule over most of southern France. After a severe illness forced the return of the Black Prince to England, John took command of the English armies; by 1380 he had lost much of the territory the English had previously won. In 1386 John invaded Castile, but was defeated by John I, king of Castile and León. John of Gaunt gave up his claim to Castile and León in 1387, when his daughter married Henry, later Henry III, king of Castile and León.John of Gaunt was also prominent in English affairs. Together with Alice Perrers, his father's mistress, John dominated the English government. He was opposed by Parliament and by the Black Prince. In 1376 Parliament banished Alice Perrers and curtailed John's powers. The death of the Black Prince that year and the dissolution of Parliament, however, enabled John to regain his power. In 1377, on the death of Edward III and the accession of Richard II (John's nephew and son of the Black Prince), John gave up his control of the government and thereafter played the role of peacemaker; he also supported the king, by whom he was made (1390) duke of Aquitaine. In 1396, after the death of his second wife, John married his mistress Catherine Swynford, and Richard legitimized their children the following year. Saddened by the exile (1398) of his son, Henry of Lancaster (later King Henry IV of England), John died on February 3 of the following year.
      "John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster," Microsoft(R) Encarta(R) 98 Encyclopedia. (c) 1993-1997 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.

  • Sources 
    1. [S5351730431] Mac 14Febxx.FTW.

    2. [S5351729842] Magna Charta Sureties 1215, Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Sheppard Jr, 5th Edition, 1999, 161-16 (Reliability: 3).